William Jennings Bryan [1860-1925]

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William Jennings Bryan was born in Salem, Illinois in 1860. He attended Illinois College in Jacksonville, and graduated in 1883 from the Union College of Law, Northwestern University's Law School. After moving to Nebraska, he was elected to the U.S. Congress in 1892 and 1894. While running for election to the U.S. Senate, he became widely identified with the "Free Silver" movement, which sought to eliminate the gold standard for U.S. currency. Bryan ran for the office of President of the United States in several different races, but lost to William McKinley in 1896 and 1900, and to William Howard Taft in 1908. Bryan was also known as a leader of the "dry" movement, helping to pass the 18th Amendment on Prohibition. He also supported the 19th Amendment for women's suffrage. Bryan is perhaps best known for his role in the Scopes ("Monkey") Trial in Dayton, Tennessee, where he prosecuted a science teacher for instructing students in the Theory of Evolution. He lost the case to Clarence Darrow and died five days later on July 26, 1925.

William Jennings Bryan Bryan giving a speech