Reading the Body: Physiognomics

Plate VIII
 
Industry and Idleness,<BR>Plate VIII
Title Industry and Idleness
Plate VIII, The Industrious 'Prentice Grown Rich, and Sheriff of London
Artist William Hogarth
Date 1747 (reprinted 1822)
Medium Etching and Engraving from Drawings
Location The Charles Deering McCormick Library of Special Collections, Northwestern University

Never quite content to unquestioningly praise the rich, in this print and the prints following, Hogarth builds a critique of the moneyed classes into Industry and Idleness. In a startling move, Hogarth reverses the customary use of physiognomy to classify races, depicting the black servant as more civilized than the wealthy white diners who devour their food in the most uncouth way.

 

Petrus Camper's Measurements of Facial Angles

Measurements of facial angles from Petrus Camperšs Dissertation Physique (1791)

 

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