Hogarth and the World of Prints: Technical Details

 
Engraving with a burin
Step 4 Putting the image on the plate: engraving with a burin
The lines initially created by the etching process are worked further by a graver, or burin, a tool with a diamond-shaped, angled point. For variation in line width, the burin is pressed deeper into the plate or angled to one side. For variation in texture and shading, the tip of the burin may be used to make dots, short lines, or a network of crossed lines, processes called ³stippling,² ³flicks,² and ³cross-hatching.² Mistakes are fixed by scraping lines around the error, burnishing, and if the plate has been dented, using the hammer and calipers, shown in the display case.
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